Cone of depression
DER requires a preliminary assessment of the radial extent of the cone of depression and pumping rates and times for all dewatering operations in ASS areas.
Empirical methods to calculate the radial extent of the groundwater cone of depression and pumping rates and times for dewatering operations are outlined in Appendix E of Treatment and management of soils and water in acid sulfate soil landscapes 1.59 MB (Published July 2011, Revised June 2015)
Tools for Calculating the Radius of Influence and Pumping Rates and Times for Dewatered Excavations
In the absence of site-specific hydraulic data, default hydraulic conductivity values (K) listed below for a variety of Western Australian soil types may be used(B).
|Lithology||Hydraulic conductivity (m/d)||Hydraulic conductivity (m/s)|
|Very coarse to gravel||246||0.002847|
|Medium to coarse (moderately sorted)||50||0.000579|
|Fine to gravel (poorly sorted)||10||0.000116|
|Fine to medium||8.2||0.0000949|
|Fine to very fine||1.7||0.0000197|
|Sand and limestone: Ascot Formation||8||0.0000926|
|Limestone and calcarenite:
|100-1000||0.001157 to 0.011574|
|Sapric peat (highly decomposed, few visible fibres)||0.00864 (approx.)||0.0000001 (approx.)|
|Fibric peat (least decomposed, lots of visible fibres)||1.728 (approx.)||0.00002 (approx.)|
- In the absence of site-specific information, the saturated thickness of superficial aquifers may be obtained from: Perth Groundwater Atlas, Second Edition (Department of Environment, 2004) for sites in the Perth metropolitan region; and from information held by the Department of Water (for sites elsewhere in the State). www.water.wa.gov.au/idelve/gwa/
- Adapted from Davidson, W.A., 1995, Bulletin 142: Hydrogeology and Groundwater Resources Of The Perth Region, Western Australia, Geological Survey Of Western Australia.
- Hemond,H.F. and Goldman, J.C., 1985, On non-Darcian water flow in peat. Journal of Ecology, 73, 578-584